Effective visual crypsis requires that animals behave in a manner consistent with their camouflage. Individuals who employ background-matching strategies are
Studies have shown that numerous species eavesdrop on the calls of heterospecifics to gain information about predator presence. Responding to
Many vertebrates use vocalizations to communicate about the presence of predators, and some encode information about predator type or behaviour.
Signaling species occurring in sympatry areoften exposed to similar environmental constraints, so similar adaptations to enhance signal efficacy are expected.
For animals to communicate effectively, signals are required to be successfully detected by an intended receiver across the extent of
Visual signalling is used during inter and intra specific interactions, and has evolved toward complex, diverse and highly species-specific displays.
Species aggregations within communities can be influenced by several processes, which operate over different spatial and temporal scales. We sampled
We investigated variation in nocturnal ambient temperature of the landscape, the nocturnal body temperature, and retreat site utilisation of restricted,
The environment in which animal signals are generated has the potential to affect transmission and reliable detection by receivers. To
Habitat characteristics influence the efficacy of animal communication, and population differences insignal structure due to habitat variation are well known