Chameleons are known to spontaneously perform jerky movements when walking. This jaggered walking behaviour has been assumed to be mimicking
The Jacky lizard (Amphibolurus muricatus) responds to greater plant motion noise by extending the duration of introductory tail flicking, which
Models of signal evolution predict that the threat posed by eavesdropping predators will influence the evolution of signal structure and
Effective visual crypsis requires that animals behave in a manner consistent with their camouflage. Individuals who employ background-matching strategies are
Studies have shown that numerous species eavesdrop on the calls of heterospecifics to gain information about predator presence. Responding to
Many vertebrates use vocalizations to communicate about the presence of predators, and some encode information about predator type or behaviour.
Signaling species occurring in sympatry areoften exposed to similar environmental constraints, so similar adaptations to enhance signal efficacy are expected.
For animals to communicate effectively, signals are required to be successfully detected by an intended receiver across the extent of
Visual signalling is used during inter and intra specific interactions, and has evolved toward complex, diverse and highly species-specific displays.
Species aggregations within communities can be influenced by several processes, which operate over different spatial and temporal scales. We sampled