Effective visual crypsis requires that animals behave in a manner consistent with their camouflage. Individuals who employ background-matching strategies are
Signaling species occurring in sympatry areoften exposed to similar environmental constraints, so similar adaptations to enhance signal efficacy are expected.
For animals to communicate effectively, signals are required to be successfully detected by an intended receiver across the extent of
Visual signalling is used during inter and intra specific interactions, and has evolved toward complex, diverse and highly species-specific displays.
Species aggregations within communities can be influenced by several processes, which operate over different spatial and temporal scales. We sampled
We investigated variation in nocturnal ambient temperature of the landscape, the nocturnal body temperature, and retreat site utilisation of restricted,
The environment in which animal signals are generated has the potential to affect transmission and reliable detection by receivers. To
Habitat characteristics influence the efficacy of animal communication, and population differences insignal structure due to habitat variation are well known
Competition between animals for limited resources often involves signaling to establish ownership ordominance. In some species, the defended resource relates
The National Natural Science Foundation of China awarded our collaborator Dr Qi Yin the equivalent of $140,000 for studies of